The law about FEZ in Crimea and Sevastopol become operative January, 1, 2015. The FEZ supposes beneficial duty treatment and special conditions for entrepreneurial activity, preferences for investors.
The idea of a free economic zone is an interesting and useful project. This opinion to “the Mirror of Crimea” told economists, entrepreneurs and politicians who know firsthand how to earn money and create own business. The problem is that FEZ in Crimea and Sevastopol is being formed too slowly for several reasons.
“Of course, we needed this law, that’s for sure. But the process is difficult, the known numbers are small. Tens of thousands enterprises should be in this area,” said head of the Chamber of Commerce of Crimea Alexander Basov to “the Mirror of Crimea”.
Basov put in remembrance that the Vice-Premier of the Crimean government Vitaly Nakhlupin recently reported the number of residents of SEZ. They are about 300 and the declared volume of investments is more than 50 billion rubles.
According the head of the Crimean chamber of Commerce the law about SEZ useful and profitable from the point of view of taxation, will not solve the problems of the Crimean businessman who turned in a difficult situation after the reunification with Russia.
“These problems remained after quickly completed transition. By the end of 2014 we received 5-6 times the reduction in business. The main reason is that the issue with the return of blocked funds in Ukrainian banks is not resolved,” – said Alexander Basov.
The head of the Chamber of Commerce recalled that in April 2014 the accounts of thousands of Crimean enterprises were zeroed and blocked. This problem still has not a prospect of resolution. According his data more than 20 billion rubles were withdrawn from the Crimea immediately. That is why not everyone has possibility to find 3 million rubles necessary for the resident status of FEZ.
FEZ IN SEVASTOPOL
The success of Sevastopol FEZ looks in a year after later low become as follows: the government of Sevastopol signed 127 contracts about conditions of activity in the free economic zone of the city. This information was declared by Alexander Reshetnikov, the Vice-Governor of the city.
Capital investment, announced for investments by residents is 3.64 bln. It is planned to form nearly 3.5 thousand job opportunities with an average wage of 28 ths. rubles. In Sevastopol finally works investment website, remarked in the city government.
There you can find the sites proposed for the investment activity and their characteristics and know about work of the FEZ, conditions, and subsidize business.
An experienced businessman, and nowadays the head of the Assembly of Sevastopol Alexei Chaly does not take from the merit of the law, but underlines that its execution “slips”.
The law is good from the point of view of opportunities and prospects of the entrepreneur. From the point of view of duties is very good. The law is administered not bad, but is needed as a minimum to provide resources in the form of land parcels and networks,” – says Alexey Chaly
Chaly connects the slack pace of development of the FEZ with a lower level of government control. However about the same problems – slowness and disinterest of the officials who must involve the Crimean and Russian business in the free economic zone constantly says also the head of the Republic Sergey Aksyonov.
The head of the Crimea hopes to intensify the work with entrepreneurs and to involve them in FEZ with the help of staff turnover. Vitaliy Nakhlupin has been appointed to the main economic unit for this. He is the former head of Finance Committee in the Parliament.
HELP TO CRIMEAN BUSINESSPEOPLE
Assistance in procedure of residents registration of the free economic zone in Crimea and Sevastopol offers the head of the law firm “Posledniy dozor” Alexey Protsyuk.
“Preferences are known – the tax burden on profits reduces from 20% to 2%. Reduces the tax on payroll. This is a way to get the enterprise out of the shadows. Is profitable for Crimean entrepreneurs to transfer their production on the rails of a resident of FEZ” – says the lawyer.
The company has successful experience of registration of FEZ with several companies and accompanies them on business. It makes the execution of all documents, land parcels and agreements.
Apprehension that the resident will have increased attention from the fiscal authorities have no grounds, says Alexey Protsyuk. Businesspeople must not be afraid to become a resident. It remains only to find the money and stop being afraid of sanctions.