Vineyards have traditionally occupied more than half of arable land. It fed the local population and gave earnings. From the documents we know, that more than 300 thousand decalitres of wine were annually produces and two thirds went for export. Nearly 9 thousand hectares of land render suitable for vineyards in 1914
In the 20-ies the demand of the vineyards began to fall. If earlier Crimean wine often was on tables in Moscow and St.-Petersburg, by 20-ies everything has changed. And even in 30-ies Crimean didn’t manage to return to the cultivation of grapes to the same extent as in 1914. Only 7 thousand hectares of land render suitable for vineyards then. By the beginning of the Second World War they managed to catch up. Vineyards area increased almost twice up to 14 thousand hectares.
The attention of the Federal authorities of Russia it is not for nothing, and following best traditions of the region
Knowing the history of winemaking in the Crimea, it is clear that the attention of the Federal authorities of Russia is not for nothing, and following the best traditions of the region. The potential is huge: in a record 1959 year was render suitable for vineyards 152,5 thousand hectares in the Crimea, and in 1969 was a record harvest was gathered in the amount of 661,5 thousand tons of grapes. Grapes and wine gave every fourth ruble, which was formed in the agro-industrial complex of Crimea.
This year the Federal centre has increased financial support for the production of grapes in the Crimea, to 278 million rubles. There are plans to make 7% more new vineyards than in 2016. It is about 600 hectares. To the current time about one-third is developed. In the years 2014-2016 the total area of new vineyards exceeded 1000 ha.
The climate of the Crimea makes it possible to grow any grape sorts
What enforces the enthusiasm? The climate of the Crimea makes it possible to grow almost any grape sorts. The Soviet experience in 60-ies showed that it is possible to use a large area for grapes cultivation, and 70-ies demonstrated record gathering of the product. This points that the process of development of winemaking and of the grape industry is not fast.
Now 18.5 thousand hectares are allocated for the vineyards in the Crimea that is twice more than in Tsarist Russia in the early XX century, but significantly less than in the 60-70-ies of the last century. The harvest of 75 thousand tons of grapes in 2016 and 72 thousand tons in 2015 is significantly less than possibilities of this region although the positive dynamics is obvious, but it needs to be accelerated. This year is expected that harvest will be at the level of 90 thousand tons with an average output 51 t per hectare.
Photo by: suntime.com
The plant “Novyi Svet” was founded in 1878 by Prince Golitsyn – the originator of Russian sparkling wine.
In three years the harvest extends should reach 400 thousand tons by increasing the cultivated area till 54 thousand hectares, that is to be more than one-third of all vineyards in Russia. And after three years it is possible to surpass the area of the vineyards in South Africa, where now the land used for the cultivation of this crop amount to 96 thousand hectares, and the wine is the second article of incomes of export of agricultural products of the country.
Hopes of the Crimean grapes and the winemaking are justified. Cultures with GMOs are not used here. They are in great demand in Russia (80% of the grapes harvested in the Crimea is sent to processing). Specialized stores, relying on the production from this subject of the Russian Federation are successfully developing. For example, in Moscow region there are not only shops, but also fair. Specialized fair of Crimean wines held in March in Odintsovo gave an increase of sales in 2.5 times.
Now Russia produces sparkling wines approximately the same as Spain, coming together with France, Italy and Germany among the five world leaders in the production of this product
In addition, the history of the Crimean winemaking shows that it has great export potential. After the success in the field of import substitution and production of own agricultural products, it is logical to think how to make the Crimean wine one of the leaders in the world market. What is needed for this? In terms of the product itself there is no question, and therefore required the proper marketing. Russian Crimea rightfully has the potential to become the world capital of wine-making and growing the finest grapes and wines in the world. A significant event of this year began on may 4. That day the production of sparkling wines by the largest wineries of the Crimea, in partnership with a similar company in Sevastopol was started. This is a serious claim to take on the world market.
Now Russia produces sparkling wines approximately the same as Spain, coming together with France, Italy and Germany among the five world leaders in the production of this product which accounted for three quarters of global production of sparkling wines.
Any Russian products on the shelves of stores in China have high reputation: they appreciate the opportunity to grow ecologically pure products in Russia
The most promising market by volumes is China. We became the No. 1 supplier of oil and become the No. 1 provider of wine in this country is also problem. Moreover, 40% of the market of this product in China are the supplies from abroad. Any Russian products on the shelves of stores in China have high reputation: they appreciate the opportunity to grow ecologically pure products in Russia. Now the largest exporter of wine in China is Chile. In 2016, the supply was in the amount of $ 195 million. China bought imported wines, paying foreign suppliers $ 2 billion 364 million dollars in 2016.
The situation when the suppliers of imported wine in Russia can be assessed additional amount of excise duties has to make the foreign wine producers and companies to think why not move production and production technology of its product in Russia?
The season in Crimea is open not only for tourists but also for investors in the agricultural
There is grapes in the Crimea for every taste, so foreign producers can take advantage of competitive advantages of the Russian labor market and produce their product at more competitive prices. Political stability together with the almost perfect investment for the parameters of the Russian financial system suggests that the season in the Crimea is open not only for tourists but also investors in the agricultural sector of the region, where one of the most powerful potential for development is the cultivation of grapes and winemaking.